Famous Coffee Plantations in Kerala
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Kerala is the biggest coffee producing state in the country. India exports most of the coffee grown in the country. Kerala produces two major strains termed Robusta and Arabica. Robusta does not require much effort by way of pest care. It is also good for 70 to 80 years once grown. Therefore, Kerala grows 90% of the Robusta strain in its estates.
The production of coffee requires specific kind of weather conditions. It needs a mean temperature of 230
C and rainfall up to 60 to 80 inches on an average annually. Kerala has these very favourable climatic factors along with a fairly dry spell of 70 to 90 days that makes it an ideal place to grow coffee. An important feature of coffee in Kerala is that it is grown to a very large extent in small holdings by small-scale farmers.
The main regions where coffee estates abound in large number are Wayanad with 60200 hectares, Gavi with 67800 hectares and Nenmara with 77400 hectares area. These areas are also famous for tea plantations. In fact, the Keralite planters go for multi-crop pattern in which coffee, tea and spices are all grown in a big plantation to make optimum use of resources and insulate the farm from vagaries of nature or market which really keeps changing for the farm products every year. A special feature of the coffee plantation in Kerala is that the coffee plants are grown under the shade of tall shady trees.
Monsooned Malabar Coffee
Monsooned coffee is a special delicacy of Malabar region. A less known fact about this Malabar coffee is that it was discovered by accident. There was a consignment of coffee sent to Europe in 1950. By the time it reached the destination, the coffee beans had swollen in size due to absorption of moisture. This moisture-swollen coffee gave a wonderful taste and became very popular. Now the same monsooning is done in Malabar and Konkan areas by exposing beans to moisture in an elaborate procedure running into weeks.
The main coffee growing areas in Kerala are as follows:
Coffee Estates in Wayanad
Wayanad is often called the green heaven of Kerala. The region has high hilly areas and places of tourist attraction. Coffee is grown in Wayanad as a single crop as well as with pepper. The area under coffee in Wayanad is more than 33% of the total farm area of the district. It is also termed as the coffee county of Kerala. The main areas where coffee estates are found in Wayanad are Mananthavady, Thirunelly, Sultan Bathery and Vythiri other than some in in Panamaram, Vazhavatta and Kolagappara.
The distribution of coffee growing areas according to the coffee board is such that Meppadi has the highest acreage of around 5562 hectares followed by Noolpuzha 2900, Ambalavayal 2400, and Tavinjal 2000 while Mullenkolly with 50 hectares is the smallest panchayat area of Wayanad. There is a very small 10-acre farm at Coffee Aroma resort which is merely an added attraction to this tourist place away on the slopes of the Chembra Peak. The Coffee Board of Kerala used to control selling of the product till 1996. It has changed since. Plantation owners can directly sell it to buyers now.
Coffee Plantation in Idukki
Vandiperiyar region of the district is a famous trade centre. It is blessed with the pure waters of the Periyar River that runs through the middle of the town. The presence of this river has done wonders for the tourist trade of the area. It waters the plantations of coffee, tea and pepper and invites scores of tourists to the area to have a stay in the lap of nature. The agricultural farm of the state government and the rose garden adds to the beauty of the station. Besides being a centre for tea and pepper, the town is known for its coffee plantations spread over a vast area in the vicinity of Vandiperiyar and Thekkady.
The small town of Murikkady is also a famous area for coffee estates spread all the way up to Thekkady. The town of Murikkady has a special place in the area because of the ever present scent of spices in the air.
Coffee Plantation in Odamedu
Odamedu is situated at a distance of 8 kms from the town of Kumily. This and the nearby place called Vellaramkunnu are areas of famous coffee estates.
Coffee Plantation in Peermade
The town is a localized expression of the name of a Sufi saint Peer Muhammad. This area is famous for its coffee and tea estates. A special factor of growing of coffee in Kerala is that more than 77000 coffee farmers of Kerala are holders of small estates.
Some coffee plantations spread over Kerala are as follows.G R Company
PH-04936-280206Spring Valley Coffee Estate
Idukki-6855507Be Be Rubber Estate Ltd.
Ph-91475222608The Malabar Agricultural Co. Ltd.
P O Box-4
Ph-0481-2563291Elavanam plantations ltd.
Munnar-Bison Valley Road
Ph-04865-230512Malankara plantation ltd.
Ph-0481-2568335South Indian Plantations
Alappuzha-688011Kutttikkanam Coffee Estate
District Idukki -685531Glenmary Estate
PH-91-4869-232078Coffee Acres Plantation
Ph-91-9446504080Aswati Plantations Ltd.
Kuppamudi Coffee Estate
Thekkady-685536Parisons Estates and Industries Pvt. Ltd.
Ph-04935-272025Thalapuzha Coffee Estate
Thalapuzha-670644Perunad Plantations Ltd.
Perunad- 689645Peninsular Plantations Ltd.
Ph-0471-2321132Kurchermala Plantations Ltd.
Waynaad-673575Vadakkekalam Plantations Ltd.
Idukki-685556The Anthraper Estates Pvt. Ltd.
Distt. Alleppey688524K V T Estates Pvt. Ltd.
Kottayam-686010TAS Hills Plantations Pvt. Ltd.
Kanjirappally-686507Elixir Plantations Pvt.Ltd.
K K Road
Kottayam-686507The Kolarie Estates Pvt. Ltd.
Kottayam-686005Poothundu Plantations Pvt.Ltd.
Alleppey-688011Rock Side Plantations Pvt. Ltd.
South Beach Road